Debt Ratios for Residential Financing
The ratio of debt to income is a formula lenders use to determine how much money can be used for a monthly mortgage payment after you have met your various other monthly debt payments.
How to figure the qualifying ratio
Usually, underwriting for conventional mortgages requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. FHA loans are a little less strict, requiring a 29/41 ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum amount (as a percentage) of your gross monthly income that can be spent on housing costs (this includes loan principal and interest, PMI, hazard insurance, property tax, and HOA dues).
The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be applied to housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes things like auto payments, child support and credit card payments.
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .28 = $1,260 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .36 = $1,620 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .29 = $1,305 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $4,500 x .41 = $1,845 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you want to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, please use this Loan Pre-Qualification Calculator.
Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We'd be thrilled to go over pre-qualification to help you figure out how much you can afford.
At Net Equity Financial Mortgage, we answer questions about qualifying all the time. Call us at 2157413131.